Airdrops are a method of distributing tokens to users. They are commonly used to generate buzz around a project, reward users for certain behaviours and or create a community. They are popular with projects big and small, but US regulatory authorities are concerned they circumvent tax laws.
Projects live or die on their ability to attract users. The crypto space is no different. But it does have a unique advantage. Blockchain projects can create their own tokens, and use them as an incentive for users to start using their products.
Airdrops are a method of distributing tokens to users. Not to be confused with ICOs which are used to raise funds for a project, airdrops can be used to do a number of different things:
It’s unclear who specifically came up with the concept of airdrops. OmiseGO, a banking service built on Ethereum, claimed credit for the technique in 2017 after it distributed its tokens to followers.
There are typically two types of airdrop:
A cottage industry of airdrop forums has sprung up to help people discover how to take part in airdrops. Companies also use their own distribution channels like Telegram and Medium to inform users of upcoming airdrops.
It’s popular for projects big and small. Binance, one of the world’s largest exchanges used an airdrop in 2017 to raise awareness. Dfinity a smart contract blockchain project gave away the equivalent of $35 million worth of tokens in an airdrop.
Did you know?
In early 2018, Hydrogen, a tech platform for the financial services industry distributed more than two billion tokens via an airdrop.
As the popularity of airdrops has increased, so have concerns about its validity as a way of building a community. Some critics have claimed the indiscriminate nature for distributing tokens does little to foster an active community.
Many airdrop recipients hold on to tokens and do little to maintain and grow the network after the initial buzz wears off. In the US, the practice has raised questions about tax liabilities and whether they amount to income or capital gains. That’s where smart air drops comes in.
Smart airdrops are token distributions designed to target specific users. Similar to how marketing campaigns create user profiles in order to work out who its audience is and how to target them, smart airdrops are designed to only attract users the network wants.
Smart airdrops involve the project understanding the types of user it wants to attract before distribution starts. Considerations could be based on:
Airdrops have become an increasingly popular form of marketing for blockchain projects. However, US regulation could make it difficult for American projects to offer airdrops.
A more considered approach to distributing tokens seems to be where the industry is heading. But for now, airdrop's popularity continues.